Organic farms enables the natural production of food. Cover crops, natural pest control, and crop rotation are employed on organic farms. Synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, engineered farming application, livestock feed additives, etc. are not used. It has obtained a great achievement worldwide. The sale of organically produced food have rocketed over the past years. Organic farms covers around 37,000,000 hectares of land worldwide, a good evidence of the growing alternative farming.
Organic farming goals is to increase biological production. The environment is protected when organic farms are embraced. Dead plants and animals are reused as soil nutrients. The soil fertility is maintained by the use of cover crops and compose manure. Prohibited products and practices are not supposed to be used on an organic farm for not less than three years before harvesting of the organic product.
Farmers should avoid industrial products if they intend to produce organic foods. Organic farms requires good manning for a better outcome. This entails developing feasible strategies.
Despite the difficulties of organic production of fruits and flowers, many organic plants can still be produced. Animal products can also be produced organically.
Animals are fed with feeds that are organic only while chemicals like growth hormones and insecticides are avoided. Organic products from organic farms must be certified by legal certifying bodies before their release to the market.
The use of organic farm is of great advantage. Chemical-free farming can easily be done. Less expense is incurred as there no purchase of industrial substances like fertilizers made. Using compost, crop rotation and biological pest control improves the fertility of the soil. Food produced by organic farming are healthy. They are, therefore, nutritious, safe and quality products.
Oraganic farming is environmentally friendly with no risk of soil pollution and degradation. The farmer is able to produce enough food for themselves.
Maintaining organic farms however, requires understanding of the resources and applying the right management approaches. Despite the popularity, organic products are costly due to the heavy manual input. Organic produce approval are expensive.
Organic farms are labor intensive and can result to low yields. This alternative method of farming needs knowledge and the know-how of production to succeed.
Organic farming can be very challenging at the beginning for farmers. Organic standards require the need for transition period. The low flow of cash as a results of unstable production is a problem during the period of transition.
Exported organic produce must meet the required standards of the importing country which are negotiated through international agreements.
Organic farming is a good alternative production despite the challenges. Farmers should practice organic farming more and develop ways of eliminating difficulties being faced. The problems can be eliminated by assessing them to find the cause and their solutions.
There is need to continue embracing organic farms by teaching and encouraging farmers.